Emergence processes and restructuring processes affecting the European industry: policies taking into account competitiveness

Theme N°: 

Directly in relation with the 5th section, this section addresses the restructuring/structuring processes in Europe. The 2008-2009 crisis revealed a startling gap between the different dynamics at work in the leading developed country markets and automotive industries. This led to more or less violent restructuring processes that have generally caused state authorities to intervene on what has at times been a massive scale. Now, in 2012-2013, the financial crisis still affects European countries (the so-called second effect of the crisis), at various degrees, and the sustainability and efficiency of the European Union economic policy has to be questioned. Moreover, there is no doubt that in our research agenda, the dimensions of competitiveness and international comparison of competitiveness have to be highlighted, since we lack tools to implement sound international comparison researches in Europe. Finally, a comparative study of these restructuring processes in Europe well beyond the year 2009 could teach us a lot about this period.

In that respect, there would be particular interest in studies of the public policies that are being implemented based on varying degrees of cooperation with industrial actors and aimed at encouraging such changes and/or adapting them more or less explicitly to the search for a sustainable mode of development for this industry and for mobility in general. Studies should be comparative in nature and cover the localisation and/or re-allocation choices that affect carmakers or suppliers’ production and design activities. Special attention should be paid to the role of regional organisations, the opportunities they offer and the constraints and incentives that they may structure.

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