GERPISA, the Permanent Study and Research Group on the Automobile Industry and its Employees, was set up in 1992, around the personalities of Michel Freyssenet (sociologist, EHESS), Robert Boyer (economist, CNRS), and Patrick Fridenson (historian, EHESS), as an international social science research network with a strong ambition: to oppose productive models analysing the complexity of the real automobile world, made up of manufacturers with different trajectories, products, organisations, cultures of innovation and R&D, salary relations..., which are also situated in different market and economic institution contexts... to the simple and normative model of the Toyota production system, supposedly destined to impose itself on the world.
Its vocation today is to coordinate and advance the work of social science researchers (sociologists, economists, management scholars, geographers, politicians, historians) on the automobile industry and the new mobilities, constituted as federating research objects, then to make the link between the international network and the public and private actors of the automobile.
Set up in 2008 as a Scientific Interest Group (GIS) under the direction of Bernard Jullien (economist, University of Bordeaux), in order to disseminate research results and shed light on the social sciences on the worlds of the automobile, GERPISA receives the support of university institutions (ENS Paris-Saclay ex-Cachan, Ministry of Higher Education and Research) and stakeholders, both public (Ministry of Energy and Solidarity Transition, Ministry of the Economy / General Directorate of Enterprises) and private linked to the automotive world (CCFA - French Automotive Manufacturers' Committee, FIEV - Federation of Vehicle Equipment Industries).
The main supports for this popularisation of knowledge are the monthly seminar (, the annual international colloquium (, and various publications including a newsletter and the blog.
GERPISA is hosted by ENS Paris-Saclay (formerly ENS Cachan).
It receives administrative support from the MSH Paris-Saclay, whose interdisciplinary approaches and cooperation with all stakeholders, both public and private, it aims to bring to the Saclay Plateau and beyond.
It has been directed since 2015 by Tommaso Pardi, sociologist, research fellow at the CNRS (IDHES).
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This is the new site of the International Network Gerpisa. Some of the content of the old site has already been transferred, the rest will followed but it is already available in its old form here:

The actes du Gerpisa from the number 5 to the number 41.
- The lettre du Gerpisa from the number 76 to the number 198.
The around 600 presentations of the International Colloquiums of Gerpisa from the 9th (2001) until the 17th (2009).

Gerpisa's books

Is Europe on track towards net zero mobility?
Comparison of the Chinese, European and American regulatory frameworks for the transition to a decarbonized road mobility
Heavier, faster and less affordable cars. The consequence of EU regulations for car emissions
New Frontiers of the Automobile Industry. Exploring Geographies, Technology, and Institutional Challenges
Normes environnementales européennes et stratégies des constructeurs automobiles. Un jeu coopératif aux résultats ambigus
Normes environnementales européennes et stratégies des constructeurs automobiles. Un jeu coopératif aux résultats ambigus
Toyota et le toyotisme. Hommage à Koichi SHIMIZU
Global Automobile Demand - Major Trends in Mature Economies; Volumes 1 and 2
L'épopée Logan. Nouvelles trajectoires pour l'innovation
The Greening of the Automotive Industry
Industrie automobile. La croisée des chemins
The Second Automobile Revolution. Trajectories of the World Carmakers in the 21st century
Le Monde qui a changé la machine. Essai d’interprétation d’un siècle d’histoire automobile. Quatorze textes préparatoires
Oltre Toyota. I nuovi modelli produttivi
Globalization or Regionalization of the American and Asian Car Industry
Globalization or Regionalization of the American and Asian Car Industry
Work and Employment Relations in the Automobile Industry
Work and Employment Relations in the Automobile Industry
Produktionmodelle, Ein e Typologie am Beispiel der Automobilindustrie
Los modelos productivos
Globalization or Regionalization of European Car Industry?
Living Labour. Life on the Line at Peugeot France
Living Labour
The productive models. The conditions of profitability
Quel modèle productif ? Trajectoires et modèle industriels des constructeurs automobiles mondiaux
Global Strategies and Local Realities. The Auto Industry in Emerging Markets
Global Strategies and Local Realities
Les modèles productifs
Les modèles productifs
Le toyotisme
Le toyotisme
Coping with Variety. Flexible Productive Systems for Product Variety in the Auto Industry
Coping with variety
Teamwork in the Automobile Industry. Radical Change or Passing Fashion
Teamwork in the Automobile Industry
Between Imitation and Innovation. The Transfer and Hybridization of Productive Models in the International Autobile Industry
Between Imitation and Innovation
One Best Way ? Trajectories and Industrial Models of the World's Automobile Producers
One Best Way ?
L'avenir de travail à la chaîne. Une comparaison internationale dans l'industrie automobile
L'avanir du travail à la chaîne

The international network

GERPISA was initially a French network made up of researchers in economics, management, history, and sociology, all studying the automobile industry. It was founded by Michel Freyssenet (sociologist at the CNRS) and Patrick Fridenson (historian at the EHESS), and was transformed into an international network in 1992 so as to implement the first international research programme.
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  • The first research programme (1993-1996) on "Emergence of New Industrial Models” has been coordinated by Robert Boyer (economist, CEPREMAP, CNRS, EHESS) and Michel Freyssenet, and animated by an international committee.
  • The second research programme (1997-2000) on "The Automobile Industry: Between Globalization and Regionalization", was this time placed under the auspices of Michel Freyssenet and Yannick Lung (economist, Montesquieu University, Bordeaux).
  • The third international research programme (2001-2003), coordinated by Yannick Lung, focuses on "Coordinating Competences and Knowledge in Regional Automotive Systems" within the framework of the thematic network CoCKEAS supported by the European Union (FP5, Key Action 4: HPSE-CT-1999-00022).
  • The fourth international research programme (2004-2007) on "Variety of capitalism and diversity of productive models" coordinated by Yannick Lung within the framework of the ESEMK project supported by the European Union (FP6, Priority 7), project co-directed with Bruno Amable (economist, CEPREMAP and University of Nanterre). 
  • The fifth international research programme (2008-2011), coordinated by Bernard Jullien, and developed in association with the project ICaTSEM (FP7) directed by Yannick Lung, and with the project GEDI (ANR) directed by Bernard Jullien and Andy Smith (Sciences PO, Bordeaux).

Members of the Steering Committee of Gerpisa

  GIS Gerpisa /
  4 Avenue des Sciences, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette

Copyright© Gerpisa
Concéption Tommaso Pardi
Administration Juan Sebastian Carbonell, Lorenza MonacoGéry Deffontaines

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